The owner (or designate) of pressure equipment must report any accident involving
pressure equipment to an ABSA Safety Codes Officer. This must be done forthwith (without
As soon as possible, send a full written report to ABSA via mail. Refer to the Accident
Reporting Form (AB-97).
Reporting an accident is a requirement under the Safety Codes Act. See Section
59 of the Safety Codes Act and Section 35 of the Pressure Equipment
What Accidents Must Be Reported To ABSA?
- all accidents involving pressure equipment (boiler, pressure vessel, pressure piping
system, fitting, or thermal liquid heating system) that result in damage to property
or injury to, or death of, a person
- Accidents not caused by pressure equipment but having some impact on pressure equipment.
If unsure whether an accident should be reported, discuss the situation with an ABSA
Safety Codes Officer.
What Control Of The Accident Scene Is Required?
As required under the Pressure Equipment Safety Regulation Section 35, the
accident scene must not be disturbed (except when it is absolutely necessary
to prevent death or injury, or to prevent further property damage) unless approval
to do so has been given by an ABSA Safety Codes Officer.
- Do not clean up the area.
- Do not move any components.
- Do not attempt to put equipment back into service.
- Do not operate the equipment.
When Must The Accident Be Reported To ABSA?
ABSA must be notified forthwith (without delay), by telephone, after an accident.
Call an ABSA office or any ABSA Safety Codes Officer. Provide all available information
about the accident, including:
- severity of damage
- equipment involved
- contact name and phone number
- availability of the accident site for investigation
- other persons who have been or will be notified.
After hours, for deaths or other serious accidents, call the Edmonton switchboard
at (780) 437-9100. The message will give after-hours phone numbers for contact. For
non-critical accidents, notify ABSA the next business day.
What Written Reports Are Required?
A full written report must be sent to ABSA as soon as possible by mail. Usually, the
owner will investigate the cause of the accident before submitting the written report.
The report must include the following information:
- exact place of the accident
- name of any person killed or injured as a result of the accident
- description of any damage to the property
- cause and particulars of the accident, as far as can be ascertained.
ABSA has an Accident Reporting Form (AB-97) for this purpose. The owner may submit
the report in a different format, but must provide all information listed on the form.
The owner should discuss the investigation progress and report timing with the ABSA
Safety Codes Officer assigned to the investigation.
Who Must Report The Accident To ABSA?
Under the Safety Codes Act, the owner, the person in charge, the chief power engineer,
and the power engineer in charge all have a responsibility to report accidents
involving pressure equipment.
Many companies have an internal process for accident reporting, where one person makes
the report. This is acceptable, provided ABSA is notified of the accident without
Under the Safety Codes Act, “owner” can mean:
- the owner of the pressure equipment
- the leaseholder of the pressure equipment
- the person in charge
- the person who has care and control of the pressure equipment
- The person exercising the powers and authority of ownership at that time.
Why Report Accidents?
The purpose of accident reporting is to identify the cause of an accident, in order
to prevent similar accidents in the future.
Information gathered may be summarized/analyzed for use in:
- issuing Alerts, Notifications or Directives
- recommending changes to the Regulations
- recommending changes to codes and standards
What Is ABSA’s Authority In An Accident Investigation?
An ABSA Safety Codes Officer has the following authorities under the Safety Codes
Act, and May:
- close all or part of the accident site for 48 hours (or longer if authorized by a
- prohibit any person from entering the site for safety reasons or to preserve evidence
- be accompanied by any person for assistance
- inspect and photograph any thing
- require any person to make full disclosure
- require closure or disconnection of any thing
- require to be performed any tests or evaluations
- remove evidence
- Require production of documents.
For more information on the powers of the ABSA Safety Codes Officer, see Sections
34, 35, and 48 of the Alberta Safety Codes Act.
What If Other Jurisdictional Bodies Are Involved?
If an accident involving pressure equipment results in fire, injury, or death, more
than one jurisdictional body will usually be involved (e.g., ABSA, Fire Commissioners
Office, Workplace Health & Safety (WHS), Energy Resources Conservation Board (ERCB),
Alberta Environment). Generally, one of the jurisdictional bodies will have the lead
responsibility for the investigation. During the investigation, the pressure equipment
owner or person in charge will communicate with the person who leads the investigation
and confirm further actions with an ABSA Safety Codes Officer before disturbing the
What Legislation Applies To Accident Reporting?
- Safety Codes Act, Sections 1(1)(v), 5, 34, 35, 48, 59.
- Pressure Equipment Safety Regulation, AR 49/2006, Section 35.
- Power Engineers Regulation, AR 85/2003, Sections 2(6), 2(7), 2(9).